World Agricultural and Demand Estimates November 9, 2023

World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) November 9, 2023

SUGAR: Mexico production for 2023/24 is reduced by 245,000 metric tons (MT) to 5.330 million.
Mexico is currently experiencing widespread drought conditions. Growing areas most severely
affected are in the western Pacific region and in San Luis Potosi. Other states like Veracruz and
Quintana Roo (important regions for the production of low polarity sugar) are not as severely
affected. State-weighted April-October rainfall data indicate rainfall in cane growing regions is
about 23 percent below normal. This level is lower than, but comparable to the situation in 2019,
the next lowest annual level. The effects on yields vary depending on irrigation but will be lower
overall. Many factors besides rainfall enter into yield forecasting. USDA analysis suggests a
national sugar yield of 61.3 MT/hectare, lower than the 62.9 in 2019 but higher than the 59.0 last
year when fertilizer use was at a record low due to extremely high prices. With extremely high
sugar prices, area harvested should remain at about 800,000 hectares. Sucrose recovery should
be about 10.9 percent.
Lower 2023/24 production implies changes in other components of Mexico supply and use.
Deliveries into the IMMEX program are decreased by 50,000 MT to 400,000, a level similar to
last year when production was at its low 5.224 million MT level. The production of low polarity
sugar for export to the U.S. market should be around the 70 percent of U.S. Needs as
determined by the DOC in September. Similar to last year, low polarity sugar is assumed to be
about 75 percent of total exports to the United States, implying total exports at 1.051 million MT
(1.026 million for the United States and 25,000 to other destinations). Ending stocks are set at
the level to meet delivery requirements into the beginning 2.5 months of 2024/25 before the start
of the new campaign. Imports as the residual increase by 112,465 MT to 433,539. (Imports lower
than this amount would require lower ending stocks than projected but would imply more imports
in 2024/25 to meet delivery requirements.)
U.S. sugar supply for 2023/24 is increased by 12,345 short tons, raw value (STRV) on lower
beginning stocks and imports offset by greater production. TRQ raw sugar imports are down
160,573 STRV due to the Philippines announcement that all production would be allocated for
domestic uses and none for export. Imports from Mexico are decreased 85,610 STRV on lower
refined sugar slated for the U.S. market as explained above. These decreases are offset by a
100,000 STRV increase in projected high-tier tariff imports to 275,000. Like last month, 175,000
is projected to enter as refined sugar. Raw sugar imports are projected at 100,000 STRV. Prior to
this WASDE high-tier tariff imports were only increased when there were raw sugar entries for
the most recent month. The USDA now recognizes that high-tier tariff raw imports are an
important source to meet raw sugar requirements under current market conditions.
Louisiana cane sugar production for 2023/24 is increased 48,947 STRV to 1.787 million mostly
on a higher sugarcane yield forecast by NASS. Beet sugar production is increased 211,290
STRV to 5.363 million on higher sugarbeet yields forecast by NASS, an increase in recovery
based on processors’ estimates of sucrose content, and adjustments made for early season
production that cross between fiscal years. There are no use changes. Ending stocks are
projected at 1.569 million STRV, implying a stocks-to-use ratio of 12.39 percent, up 0.1
percentage points from last month.

DW Montgomery & Company has provided extensive market and contractual expertise within the sugar industry for over 70 years. Our family has now three generations working within the business and has grown to include a large variety of organic and natural ingredients. It is our pleasure to serve you and assist you in your purchasing needs.

All the best,

David Montgomery, Jr., Paul Montgomery, Andrew Montgomery, and David Montgomery III